Anterior Vertebral Body Tethering (AVBT)
Vertebral Body Tethering is a growth modulation technique for the correction of scoliosis without fusion. This technique is different in that it involves placing pedicle screws in the anterior vertebral bodies. This is typically done thorascopically. The screws are attached to each other with a flexible, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) cable on the convexity of the curve.
What Are the Indications?
The indications for this technique is that patients that are skeletally immature (>8 years old, Sanders ≤ 4) with a high risk of progression. The curve size can be from 40-65 but it must be flexible. We determine the curves flexibility with bending xrays.
While FDA approved this technique in 2019, this is still a new technology with unknown long term outcomes. The decision between fusion and tethering is still evolving and is a case-by-case discussion and decision between the surgeon and the family. Please see A Tale of Two Spines (PPT) for more information about fusion vs. tethering. In the right setting though and in the right patient, AVBT may be the best option.
- Vertebral Tethering
- A Tale of Two Spines (PPT)
- App: Scoliosis Tracker for iPhone and iPad
- Book: Scoliosis: A Guide for Parents and Families
- Book: Safety in Spine Surgery
- Book: What to Expect: Your Child’s Spine Surgery
- Anterior Vertebral Body Tethering for Idiopathic Scoliosis
- Growth Modulation for Childhood Scoliosis: From Where Have We Come, and Where are We Going?
- Growth Modulation by Means of Anterior Tethering
- Multilevel Spinal Growth Modulation With an Anterolateral Flexible Tether in an Immature Bovine Model
- Spinal Growth Modulation With an Anterolateral Flexible Tether in an Immature Bovine Model
- The Tether Patient Brochure
- Vertebral Body Tethering VBT in Pediatric and Adult Spinal Deformity Scoliosis Research Society
- myscoliosis.com website featuring The Tether™—Vertebral Body Tethering System: educational animations, downloadable patient brochures and clinical data